Severe bleeding involves losing large quantities of blood. This may be caused by many factors including injury. This article will provide information on which is the best treatment for a severe bleeding injury. It will look to educate the reader on first aid procedures to perform on a casualty of severe bleeding. It is prudent for the reader to first understand the severe bleeding condition before learning how to undertake first aid procedures.
Does a Casualty of Severe Bleeding Require Emergency Services?
A casualty of severe bleeding may require emergency services in case the bleeding persists after conducting first aid treatment. It is also important for the severe bleeding casualty to seek medical advice to determine which is the best treatment for a severe bleeding injury after undergoing first aid.
What Are the Causes of Severe Bleeding?
Severe bleeding may be caused by numerous factors such as the following:
- Puncture wounds from sharp objects like knives.
- Some medications.
Some diseases can also lead to severe bleeding. These diseases include:
- Peptic ulcer.
- Platelet disorder.
- Liver disease.
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Severe Bleeding?
It is important to understand the signs and symptoms of severe bleeding in order to take appropriate action. These symptoms may be:
- Urine or stool with blood.
- Blood discharging from a wound.
- Blood oozing from areas such as the mouth and ear.
Having identified the symptoms of severe bleeding, it is important to be equipped with knowledge on which is the best treatment for a severe bleeding injury. This will assist you in dealing with the problem if this condition occurs to anyone around you.
Which Is the Best Treatment for a Severe Bleeding Injury?
Severe bleeding may be caused by a number of factors. In order to establish which is the best treatment for a severe bleeding injury, a diagnosis by a doctor will be necessary. However, it is very important to know the first aid procedures to give a casualty of severe bleeding on site. These first aid steps are:
- Thoroughly clean your hands before attending to the patient.
- Wear gloves.
- Have the patient lie on the ground.
- Keep the person as calm as possible.
- Slightly raise the legs.
- Keep the injured area raised above the heart if possible.
- Check if the patient has a pulse.
- Observe the breathing patterns of the person.
- Check for symptoms of brain trauma.Does the person have dilated pupils?
- Remove any foreign debris that may cause further injury or bleeding.
- If you must move the person, ensure that the wound is immobilized.
- Check to see if they are bleeding elsewhere.
- Put a clean bandage or cloth on the bleeding area.
- Apply pressure for at least 20 minutes.
- If bleeding sips through the bandage, add more bandages if necessary.
- Do not remove the bandage to confirm whether the bleeding has ceased.
- If necessary, directly apply pressure on the artery.
- For the arm, apply pressure below the armpit or above the elbow.
- For the leg, the pressure point is behind the knee or near the groin.
- Keep applying pressure to the wound.
- Once bleeding stops, seek medical advice.
However, there are situations where you will be forced to consult a doctor by going to the ER during or before conducting first aid. These situations include:
- When bleeding does not cease.
- Bleeding oozes from the ears, nose, and other orifices.
- When patient is coughing blood.
- In case of vomiting up blood
- When the patient is in shock.
- In case of high fever is present
- In case of a fracture.
- If the bleeding is as a result of an animal bite.
- When the wound is gaping open.
- The wound requires a tourniquet.
Steps to Avoid when Conducting First Aid
- Do not attempt to remove a lodged object.
- Do not attempt to move organs that may be displaced since you may cause further injury.
Upon seeking medical advice, the doctor will try to establish what may be causing the condition through a diagnosis. The physician may ask you some questions in a bid to try and establish your treatment procedure.
What Will the Doctor Ask?
Your physician will try to establish a diagnosis first. Therefore, professionals will initially ask you some questions on your medical history and your present illness. It is important to provide your doctor with accurate information about your condition. These questions may include:
- How long have you experienced the symptoms?
- Have the symptoms occurred before?
- How severe is the symptom?
- What body parts do the symptoms affect? Are the parts constant or keep changing?
- Have you ever received medical care before? If so, what were you diagnosed with?
- Have you ever undergone surgery before?
- Have you taken any medication or subscription drugs before?
- Do you have any allergic reaction to certain medication?
- Do you take any drugs?
- What is your family’s medical history?
- Have you conducted any screening tests before?
How Long Will It Take You to Recover?
Recovery time will depend on the severity of your illness or injury. Your physician will be able to further advise you on how long you will take to recover. It is important to follow the doctor’s guidelines to facilitate your healing process.
Severe bleeding may occur to anyone at any time. It may lead to further complications or death if not stopped. Having read and understood the first aid procedures to administer, you are in a good position to ascertain which is the best treatment for a severe bleeding injury. A properly applied tourniquet is needed when uncontrolled bleeding is leading to shock and death. Key point for medical providers: Avoid the lethal triad of acidosis, coagulopathy and hypothermia. Remember, it is crucial that you seek medical advice even though you are able to stop the bleeding.
I hope this helps.
David Reyes MD
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