Knee crepitus or osteoarthritis is a painless condition in the knee joint. The disease is characterized by grinding or crunching. It is most common in old individuals. However, one can experience it at any age. Despite this condition being a harmless condition, knee crepitus treatment or medical check-up is vital. This article looks at the causes, risk factors, steps for knee Crepitus treatment, prevention methods, and symptoms.
Knee Crepitus Risk Factors
Several factors enhance the risk of developing osteoarthritis symptoms. These are:
- Gender – women are more prone to this condition, unlike men.
- Obesity – Obese people are at a higher risk of developing knee crepitus. This is because a lot of weight causes stress to the knee joint. As a result, the knee cannot support the weight.
- Age – The risk of developing osteoarthritis symptom increases as one age out. Young people hardly experience the condition.
- Occupation – individuals who carry out jobs that require a lot of movement, kneeling, and squatting are at high risk of developing the condition.
What Causes Osteoarthritis Symptom?
There are several agents that can trigger such a condition.
- Cracking air bubbles within the joint.
- Ligaments are flicking over the joint’s bone structure.
- Occurrence of arthritis causes separation of joint’s cartilage. This prevents the protection of the bone against friction. As a result, such a vulnerability may lead to knee pain.
Diagnosis of Knee Crepitus
The patient’s symptoms determine the diagnosis process. The following are the symptoms:
- Excess fluid in the knee.
- Lack of stability of the knee.
- The muscles that support your knee lose their strength and thin out.
- Swelling of your knee bones.
- Cracking, popping, and the grating of the knee joint.
Such symptoms might also be experienced in other joints such as hip joint, and spine.
X-rays are mainly used for knee crepitus diagnosis. They help in confirming changes such as thinning of the muscles and narrowing of the space between the bones and the calcium deposit. However, X-rays cannot be used to indicate pain. Instead, Magnetic Resonance Imaging scan (MRI) is recommended. Patients won’t need any blood test to get an overall view of their condition.
How to Treat Knee Osteoarthritis
The following steps can be used for knee crepitus treatment and prevention.
1. Make yourself familiar with osteoarthritis symptoms. You can detect this sign by observing any occurring pain and stiffness when walking.
2. Reduce any swelling. Some tricks recommend here help to reduce pain and inflammation:
- Ice cubes can be used on the affected area to ease swelling and pain.
- You can also consider getting some over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs. This is only advisable in case of severe pain.
- Also, you can obtain an anti-inflammatory prescription from your doctor. Such drugs will help in fighting pain and inflammation.
3. Receiving a cortisone injection is another way of knee crepitus joint injection treatment. Cortisone is a steroid hormone that is administered to relieve stress. It also reduces inflammation. However, such injections should not be taken continuously. For older patients, doctors might recommend Tylenol, an infusion that has a small yet working impact.
4. Consider Visco-supplementation treatment. This treatment can replace the thinned out synovial fluid. Therefore, the knee joint can lubricate without any friction and abnormal joint movements. Usually, the visco-supplementation procedure takes three to five weeks.
5. Also, considering knee crepitus treatment, it is advisable to wear a knee brace. Such braces support the knee and prevent friction and irritation.
6. If non-surgical treatments are not working for you, you can resort to surgery. There exist three types of knee crepitus surgeries. Realignment is a surgery that helps realign bones and joints that were misaligned. Two bones that were severely damaged can be fused together. Also, the doctor might recommend joint replacement. This can be done by replacing the original bone with an artificial one. It is the most complicated form of surgery. Therefore, a patient must be adequately prepared before undergoing surgery.
7. It is significant to ensure the knee crepitus is in check. You can prevent such a condition by working out. Exercises help in strengthening the muscles around the knee. After you turn physical training into a routine, these tissues will start handling stress better.
Osteoarthritis Duration and Recovery Time
Practices such as cardio and quads help in preventing excess friction which leads to inflammation. Also, check your weight. Ensure you eat a healthy diet. According to research, overweight people are more prone to knee crepitus than healthy individuals.
Make sure to visit a well-qualified doctor. This will help you obtain the correct diagnosis. Therefore, you will be sure to undergo an effective treatment for your particular case.
Such a condition can either become worse as time goes or stabilize. Knee crepitus treatment includes drug and non-drug therapy and even surgery in some cases. Knee crepitus treatment and recovery time depend on the effect of the condition in the joint. However, most treatments last for three months at most. For efficient and fast healing, one is required to follow the prescriptions, exercise, use assistive devices such as walkers and eat healthily.
Finally, according to research carried out by Bartels, aquatic exercise has a long-term effect on pain in people with knee crepitus. Also, weight loss and proper diagnosis help in healing this condition.
It is essential to seek medical assistance if you suspect osteoarthritis symptoms. Also, it is vital to have precise knowledge on this condition to make the right decisions in case of surgery. This is vital for the patient to avoid feeling dependent upon others and
- What Is Knee Osteoarthritis?
- How Is Osteoarthritis of the Knee Diagnosed?
- How to Treat Crepitus in the Knee
- Bartels, E. M., Juhl, C. B., Christensen, R., Hagen, K. B., Danneskiold‐Samsøe, B., Dagfinrud, H., & Lund, H. (2016). Aquatic exercise for the treatment of knee and hip osteoarthritis. The Cochrane Library.
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