No one wants to get sick. Still, serious health conditions can occur without much notice. Some are due to environmental factors or personal behaviors, while others are genetic. While many serious health conditions are uncurable, most have a few treatment options.
As with any medical literature, you should not rely on the information in this article for either diagnostic or treatment purposes. Instead, contact your doctor if you think you have any of the conditions on this list. Also, if you need immediate medical care, be sure to contact emergency responders or visit a triage center.
101 Serious Health Conditions Everyone Should Know About
Allergies may seem like a common annoyance, but they can be serious. While most individuals treat allergies with over-the-counter antihistamines, some patients require emergency medical care.
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by an excessive amount of sugar in the bloodstream. Patients generally manage diabetes by taking sugar-lowering medications such as Metformin. If pills are not helpful, insulin injections may be needed.
3. High Blood Pressure
Also called hypertension, high blood pressure is characterized by too much pressure in the arteries. Physicians often treat the condition by recommending behavioral changes or prescribing medication.
4. Acid Reflux
Acid reflux occurs when excessive stomach acid burns the esophagus. Dietary changes and prescription medication can help manage acid reflux.
Being overweight increases anyone’s odds of developing serious health problems. Behavioral changes are often the best way to maintain a healthy weight.
6. High Cholesterol
Patients who have excessive amounts of lipids in their bloodstream are often diagnosed with high cholesterol. Doctors use lifestyle changes, medication and surgical procedures to address high cholesterol in patients.
Hemophilia prevents blood from clotting. Patients use behavioral therapy and mediation to manage the disorder.
Asthma is a chronic condition that causes inflammation of the bronchial tubes inside the lungs. A long-term inhaled corticosteroid or bronchodilator can help reduce inflammation and open airways.
Chronic bronchitis is the result of inflamed bronchial tubes. Physicians generally treat the condition with the same approach as asthma.
10. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
COPD usually involves one or two common disorders. Most who suffer from this chronic condition have either emphysema or chronic bronchitis.
11. Addison’s Disease
This disorder results from the deficient production of certain hormones. Doctors use hormone-replacement therapies to manage it.
12. Chronic Kidney Disease
Chronic kidney disease occurs when the kidneys do not function properly. While medication may help control the condition, doctors may recommend dialysis or an organ transplant.
13. Coronary Heart Disease
If a patient has narrowed or blocked arteries around the heart, doctors may prescribe medications, recommend behavioral changes or perform surgery to clear blockages.
Arthritis is simply an inflammation of joints. This inflammation causes pain. To manage arthritis, patients often take pain-relieving medications. Some opt for surgery. Still, not all types of arthritis are fixable.
As a chronic inflammation of joint sacks, bursitis is painful. Anti-inflammatory drugs and pain medication usually help alleviate symptoms.
Tendonitis causes pain in joints and connective tissues. Certain prescription medications and physical therapy exercise help control discomfort.
The weakening of bones, osteoporosis is more common in women than in men. Medications often help individuals maintain bone density.
18. Paget’s Disease
Paget’s disease interferes with bone growth. Doctors may prescribe medication to manage the disorder.
19. Common Cold
While virtually everyone gets them, common colds can be serious if not properly addressed. Caused by a variety of viruses, colds trigger runny noses, sore throats, headaches, fevers, body aches and other symptoms.
Even though influenza is common, it still causes thousands of deaths every year. The flu is the result of a variety of viruses, and there are treatments to help relieve the symptoms.
Polio has largely been contained due to the creation of a vaccine. This condition causes paralysis, fever, nausea, abdominal pain and other symptoms.
Pertussis, also called Whooping Cough, is a common childhood affliction. Symptoms include coughing, wheezing, soreness and nasal discharge. While a vaccine is available, doctors often use antibiotics to treat affected kids.
Mostly a childhood disease, chickenpox causes an itchy, red rash. This disease easily spreads, and while most children are able to recover without medication, some require hospitalization.
Frequently attacking nerves, shingles is a painful and common infection that causes a painful, unsightly rash to form. The condition occurs when the chickenpox virus reactivates in older patients.
Once a common childhood disease, diphtheria has become exceedingly rare. Since most parents vaccinate against the disease, children generally don’t contract it. Doctors use antibiotics to treat diphtheria.
26. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Transmitted by ticks, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever causes flu-like symptoms, loss of appetite and confusion. If you contract this disease, expect doctors to use antibiotics and supportive care.
Rubeola or measles is a viral illness. The condition causes a body rash to appear. Most children are vaccinated against the disease.
Rubella is known as German measles. If not vaccinated, those who contract the disease experience flu-like symptoms and a rash.
There are two types of meningitis, viral and bacterial. While viral meningitis is rarely fatal, bacterial meningitis is often more serious. Depending on the type of meningitis, doctors use antibiotics or other methods to treat the condition.
Mumps causes difficulty in swallowing, swollen glands, body aches, fevers and other symptoms. Doctors often prescribe pain relief to help relieve symptoms.
31. Lyme Disease
A bacterium transmitted by ticks causes Lyme disease. This condition often first presents with a red rash around the bite site.
An infected mosquito can transmit malaria. Those who contract this disease experience fatigue, fever, diarrhea and muscle aches.
33. West Nile Virus
Generally, West Nile causes individuals to experience flu-like symptoms. Mosquitos spread the virus. For serious cases, doctors usually use supportive care.
34. Zika Virus
Spread by mosquitos, zika virus causes fever, nausea, vomiting and other symptoms. Unfortunately, supportive care is the best way to manage the virus.
Ebola is a fast-moving, deadly viral infection. There is no known cure for it.
The tetanus bacterium can cause a fatal infection. The infection usually enters the body through an open wound. Those who contract tetanus often experience muscular and joint stiffness.
37. Toxic Shock Syndrome
Toxic shock syndrome is the general name for a variety of bacterial infections. Doctors use antibiotics to treat this condition.
Giardiasis is an infection caused by a parasite. Patients generally acquire this infection by consuming contaminated food or water.
Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs caused by bacteria or a virus. Those who develop pneumonia often experience difficulty breathing, as their lungs fill with fluids and mucus.
Usually infecting the lungs, tuberculosis is a serious infection. Antibiotics and hospitalization can help treat the disorder.
41. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
SARS is a highly contagious and rapidly spreading lung condition. It is caused by a virus and those who contract SARS often have a high fever, difficulty breathing and other symptoms.
HIV and AIDS are health conditions that cause the human immune system to falter. These conditions are largely manageable with antiretroviral medication.
43. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
STDs are infectious diseases that spread through sexual contact. These include gonorrhea, chlamydia, herpes and other conditions. While antibiotics treat some STDs, others have no known cure.
HPV is a virus that can cause certain types of cancer to develop. A vaccine is now available.
45. Viral Hepatitis
Hepatitis can be either acute or chronic. The condition results in inflammation of the liver and decrease of liver functionality.
46. E. Coli
E. coli is the general name for a group of bacteria that cause intestinal distress in humans. This condition causes nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration, chills and fevers.
Like E. coli, salmonella is often grouped into the food-poisoning category. Doctors sometimes treat serious salmonella infections with IV fluids and antibiotics.
Dementia affects brain functionality. There is no known cure, but therapy may help with symptoms.
Alzheimer’s is a slow-progressing mental disorder. Symptoms include memory loss, language problems and perceptual difficulties. Scientists do not know what causes Alzheimer’s. There is no known cure.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or Lou Gehrig’s disease is a progressive neurological condition that affects the brain and nervous system. While there is no known cure, patients often experience relief with supportive care.
51. Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral palsy causes spasms and muscle weakness. The disorder is the result of brain damage usually occurring before birth. Doctors use different medications and therapies to manage cerebral palsy.
52. Motor Neurone Disease
Motor Neurone disease causes the nervous system to degenerate. There is no known cure.
Epilepsy causes patients to have seizures. To manage epilepsy, doctors usually prescribe medication and behavioral therapy.
Individuals can suffer from seizures without having epilepsy. Physicians rely on medication, physical therapy and lifestyle changes to treat non-epileptic seizures.
ADHD makes learning difficult. Therapists rely on medication and behavior therapy to manage the condition.
56. Asperger Syndrome
Asperger syndrome causes difficulty with social interactions and learning. Medication and behavioral therapy can help individuals control the disorder.
57. Multiple Sclerosis
MS is a common neurological condition. It affects the brain, often causing tremors, stiffness, soreness or difficulty moving. Physical therapy and medication can help control the symptoms of MS.
58. Brain Tumor
Brain tumors can be cancerous or benign. For cancerous tumors, medical professionals frequently use chemotherapy, radiation and other treatment procedures.
Those who struggle with substance dependency often receive behavioral and medical treatment to help them manage this serious condition.
Depression is an ongoing feeling of sadness, fatigue, hopelessness and other similar emotions. Behavioral changes, such as diet or exercise, and mood-enhancing drugs may help.
Anxiety is the common symptom of stress. Medication and lifestyle changes may help alleviate this condition.
Individuals who faint may have syncope. Often, medication can decrease fainting in individuals who have frequent episodes.
63. Anorexia Nervosa
This condition causes patients to compulsively diet. Doctors use behavioral therapy to manage anorexia nervosa.
64. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Those who experience ongoing fatigue often receive a chronic fatigue syndrome diagnosis after doctors have ruled out other disorders.
65. Body Dysmorphic Disorder
This condition causes individuals to feel out of place in their own skin. Medication, therapy and surgery are effective treatment options.
Headaches can be debilitating. Pain medication and behavioral therapy may help relieve headache pain.
A migraine is a serious headache that can cause nausea, pain and blindness. Doctors treat the condition with medication and behavioral changes.
A concussion is the result of head trauma. Patients experience headaches, dizziness, confusion and other symptoms. Physicians use a variety of supportive care procedures to treat this condition.
69. Traumatic Brain Injury
A traumatic brain injury causes serious damage to the brain and nervous system. Healthcare professionals may use surgery, medication and therapy to treat this condition.
Numbness, tingling and loss of feeling are common symptoms of neuropathy. Doctors use medications to control symptoms.
71. Panic Attacks
Panic attacks cause individuals to experience a rapid onset of anxiety. Medication and anxiety-reducing therapies often help.
72. Postpartum Depression
An overwhelming feeling of sadness and hopelessness, postpartum depression often affects new mothers. Drugs and therapy are effective treatment options.
73. Parkinson’s Disease
Parkinson’s disease causes tremors and loss of muscular control. There is no known cure.
Melanoma is a type of skin cancer. Doctors may rely on surgery, chemotherapy, radiation and other treatment options to address this condition.
75. Basel Cell Carcinoma
This type of cancer causes red lesions on the skin. A variety of treatment options are available to patients.
Psoriasis is chronic skin inflammation and irritation. Steroid creams, injections and other methods may help alleviate the symptoms of psoriasis.
Yellow, patchy, scaly skin is often the result of Eczema. Those who suffer from this skin condition rely on steroids and other treatments to manage the condition.
Cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the skin. Because this is a medical emergency, patients must seek immediate care.
79. Contact Dermatitis
Following exposure to certain chemicals or environmental factors, some individuals develop contact dermatitis. This dry, itchy, sore skin may be treated with creams or other therapies.
80. Abscessed Tooth
A mouth abscess is an infection in the tooth or gums. Dentists treat this condition with surgery and antibiotics.
81. Cold Sores
Because a virus causes them, cold sores often must go away on their own. Doctors may prescribe ointments and pain medication to ease the pain, though.
Thrush is a fungal infection of the mouth and throat. Antifungal medicines are sometimes used to treat thrush.
83. Tooth Decay
Tooth decay occurs when teeth become rotten. Dentists use fillings, crowns and other methods to treat this condition.
84. Gum Disease
Potentially life-threatening, gum disease is an infection of the gums. Dentist can diagnose and treat gum disease.
Tonsillitis is an infection in the tonsils. Doctors routinely remove tonsils and prescribe antibiotics for this condition.
86. Heart Failure
Heart failure occurs when the heart muscle cannot adequately supply the body with oxygenated blood. Medical professionals routinely use prescription drugs and surgery to treat heart failure.
Angina is the name for the pain, tightness and soreness that accompany heart disease. To treat this condition, doctors target the underlying cause.
A stroke happens when the brain is deprived of oxygen due to a blocked blood supply. For patients who have suffered a stroke, doctors use behavior therapy and medication to manage the condition.
89. Lung Cancer
Lung cancer involves the growth of aggressive cells inside the lungs. Oncologists rely on surgery, chemotherapy, radiation and other treatment methods to battle lung cancer.
90. Prostate Cancer
Generally, men over 40 are at risk of developing prostate cancer. Like other types of cancer, physicians treat prostate cancer with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, behavioral therapy and other measures.
91. Breast Cancer
Early detection is important in combatting breast cancer. Doctors and patients perform routine mammograms before using a variety of techniques to treat this condition.
Lymphoma is cancer of the lymph nodes. Like most other cancers, doctors use radiation, medicine, and surgery to treat this disease.
Lupus can affect various parts of the body. Doctors treat soreness, rashes and other symptoms with several different treatment options.
If an individual does not have enough iron, he or she may become anemic. Often, supplements are the best way to treat this condition.
Glaucoma can cause blindness. Ophthalmologists use surgery and medication to treat it.
Appendicitis occurs when the appendix becomes infected. Physicians usually remove the infected organ before prescribing antibiotics and other treatments.
97. Crohn’s Disease
A malady that affects the colon and intestines, Crohn’s disease has a variety of treatment options.
A hernia is a distended portion of the intestines. Surgery is often the most effective way to correct hernias.
A hematoma is the accumulation of blood beneath the skin or around organs. Rest and ice can help reduce the inflammation.
100. Macular Degeneration
Macular degeneration causes the eye’s retina not to function properly. Eye doctors frequently use surgery and corrective eyewear to manage this condition.
Menopause is a change in hormone levels that most women experience as a normal part of aging. Certain therapies can help control the negative effects of menopause.
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