Beck’s triad are signs that the heart is encapsulated with excess fluid, causing a tamponade.
Normally, the heart sits in a sac called the pericardium. Sometimes, after at trauma to the chest, the pericardium will fill up with blood. At that point, the heart cannot pump with its normal expansion. The consequence are the exam findings:
- Hypotension (low blood pressure)
- Jugular venous distension (the neck veins bulge out)
- Muffled heart sounds (Cannot hear the heart beat)
This is Beck’s Triad