Research indicates that approximately 50,000 to 70,000 adults in the United States die annually as a result of influenza, Hepatitis B or pneumococcal infections. Immunization program for adults receives less attention as compared to that of the children. The adult immunization schedule is important.
The proper application relies on factors such as age, previous immunizations, high-risk conditions, and lifestyle. It is recommended to follow the 2017 adult immunization schedule. This way, adults can prevent certain infections and or diseases from attacking your body. This article will provide an overview of the adult immunization schedules and the vaccines that adults are given.
Vaccines Featured in the 2017 Adult Immunization Schedule
Below is a list of the vaccines that are recommended for adults.
• Influenza vaccination.
• Tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis vaccination (Tdap).
• Measles, mumps, and Rubella Vaccination.
• Varicella vaccination.
• Human papillomavirus vaccination.
• Pneumococcal vaccination.
• Hepatitis A and B vaccination.
• Meningococcal vaccination.
• Haemophilus Influenzae type B vaccination.
• Herpes zoster vaccination.
The Adult Immunization Schedule
There are a number of immunizations that adults are expected to receive. If you are uncertain about your immunization status, you can always contact your doctor. The adult immunization schedule has the following vaccines:
Flu tends to be very common. However, if you receive a flu vaccine, your chances of getting infected reduce by a big margin. On top of that, you are improving the herd immunity as well. According to the adult immunization schedule, one dose of this vaccine should be administered annually especially when the flu season nears.
This is a combination of vaccines for tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis- whooping cough. Adults who are vulnerable to such diseases should receive such a vaccine. Adults that have never received the Tdap vaccine receivers should get one dose. Afterwards, they will need a tetanus and diphtheria toxoids booster every 10 years. If you are unvaccinated, you should receive the first two doses at 4 weeks apart, and the third should be administered 6-12 months after the second dose.
3. Hepatitis A and B
These are other necessary vaccines on the 2017 adult immunization schedule. Hepatitis A and B are viruses that affect your liver. Annually, thousands of people contract Hepatitis A and B.
The vaccine should be administered to those who travel outside the country or men that engage in intercourse with other men. Hepatitis A vaccine consists of two doses each 6 months apart. Hepatitis B vaccine comes in three shots. There is also a combination of vaccines that comes in three doses to protect you against hepatitis A and B.
4. Measles, Mumps, and Rubella
This vaccine is administered to protect individuals from these three diseases. All of them are extremely contagious. The number of individuals who are contracting measles in the U.S. is increasing, hence, the need for the vaccine. This vaccine only comes in one dose.
5. Human Papillomavirus
The Human papillomavirus (HPV) can lead to infections such as penile cancer in men and vaginal, cervical, and vulvar cancer in women. This virus can also cause throat cancer and anal cancer. The HPV vaccine is administered in 3 doses. The second shot is inoculated a month or two after the first, while the third dose is administered 6 months after the first dose.
The pneumococcal bacteria cause meningitis, pneumonia, blood infection, and it may even lead to death. Adults can avoid these conditions by receiving the pneumococcal vaccine.
The adult immunization schedule recommends two vaccines for adults aged 65+. The first dose administered is PCV13, and the second, PPSV23, should be given at least a year later.
7. Herpes Zoster
Since the advent of this vaccine in 2006, the cases of shingles have reduced by more than half in the U.S. Apart from preventing shingles, this vaccine also protects you against postherpetic neuralgia. The adult immunization schedule specifies that adults aged 60+ should receive this vaccine. Doctors administer this vaccine in one shot.
Why Do Adults Need These Vaccines?
There are numerous reasons as to why adults should get all the vaccines in the adult immunization schedule. The most important, however, is to prevent and protect themselves and others from infections. As an adult, you may also need a vaccine because the one you received as a child no longer protects you. As such, you will need a booster to prevent infections.
Moreover, some vaccines are specifically meant for adults such as the herpes zoster. Reactivation of the chickenpox is the main agent that can lead to shingles. Since the risk of this infection increases as you age, it is imperative to get the vaccination.
If you are an individual that travels a lot, you may need to receive vaccination to avoid infections in your destination. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) website provides more details on the vaccines that you can receive if you are traveling to certain destinations.
Another reason as to why you may need to be vaccinated as an adult is that you were not fully vaccinated as a child. There are vaccines that children need such as the measles, mumps or rubella vaccine. If you did not get them when you were a child, you would need to receive the same vaccines as an adult. The adult vaccination schedule specifies how the vaccines are to be administered.
There are also those vaccines that are administered to individuals that are sexually active. An example of such a vaccine is the Hepatitis B. The hepatitis B virus spreads through semen, blood, and vaginal fluid. If you are a sexually active adult, it will be advisable to be vaccinated to avoid the risk of infection.
Vaccines such as the influenza vaccine are also administered on an annual basis. You should take it to boost your immunity and the protection of your community as well.
Vaccines are very important to boost the immunity of individuals. Adult immunization, however, is not as common as child immunization as authorities rely on adults’ sense of responsibility to take the shots. All in all, the adult immunization schedule can keep adults on track to boost immunity and prevent infections.